Immunoglobulins are also called antibodies and are part of our immune system. The function of these proteins is to detect and fend off various pathogens and substances that invade our body. The immunoglobulins are able to recognise various chemical structures/substances foreign to the body such as bacteria, viruses, toxins, pollen and other allergens and thus protect our organism from infections.
A distinction is made between primary (congenital) and secondary (acquired) antibody deficiency diseases.
Immunoglobulins help in the treatment of patients:
is produced in the liver. It serves as a transport protein in the blood and, above all, maintains the colloid osmotic pressure that determines the distribution of fluid in the body. The albumins make up the largest part of the proteins dissolved in the blood plasma (60 percent).
Albumine is used for severe injuries, extensive burns, debilitating cancers (e.g. after chemotherapy) and severe blood loss.
Albumine helps in the treatment of these patients:
Fibrinogen is the precursor protein of fibrin, the main component of blood clots. It is produced in the liver and plays a central role in blood clotting.
Fibrinogen is mainly used for internal injuries and for local wound closure. Torn tendons and nerve cords in neurosurgery can also be reattached with fibrin glue.
Fibrinogen is used to treat patients::
Clotting factors are those protein components of the blood that serve to clot the blood and are largely produced in the liver. Without them, we would bleed to death from the slightest injury. Hemophiliacs often lack a certain coagulation factor, which means that the body cannot control bleeding. This can result in joint damage, in severe cases bleeding in vital organs or in the brain. Lifelong treatment with factor concentrates can enable these patients to live a mostly normal life.
Clotting factors help to treat:
People with forms of congenital hemophilia: